Botanical Garden of the Polish Academy of Nauk
(Polska Akademia Nauk Ogrod Botaniczny)
The Polish Academy of Nauk is the lead government agency for research in the country. Studies are carried out in 84 specialized units - institutes, centres, divisions and stations. One of the scientific centres is the Botanical Garden of the Nauk Academy of Poland (Polska Akademia Nauk Ogrod Botaniczny), located in Warsaw. The Academy ' s scientific units are divided into seven areas, depending on their area of activity. Botanical garden belongs to a division including Agricultureforestry and veterinary sciences.
The Botanical Garden was founded in 1974 as an independent research unit of the Nauk Academy, although it has been operating since 1970 as a structural unit of the Plant Genetics Institute.
Between 1970 and 1977, all laboratories and collections were located in Skernevic (approximately 70 km south-west of Warsaw). In 1977-1980, the first of the new laboratories was opened in Posin (Powsin - the suburb of Warsaw). In addition, a large area of about 40 ha of land belonging to the Polish Academy of Nauk was allocated to demonstration sites, plant collections and research. The garden was located near the southern border of the city, approximately 23 kilometres from the centre of Warsaw and near Constancin-Ezurna, on arable land with small forest areas, which from the north are adjacent to the Kabazki Forest Reserve and the Cultural and Recreation Park.
The locality is predominantly equal, but there are several slopes and rugs. In the future, it is planned to expand the botanical garden to 180 ha.
Other sites and collections were organized between 1980 and 1989 in the area of about 25 ha.
Years 1990-1995 were devoted to the development of new laboratories, particularly in biotechnology, molecular biology and seed biology, with the organization of a natural flora and cultural plant seed bank. The Environmental and Environmental Education Centre was opened in 1995.
In the years that followed, there were six new decorational gardens free to visit, including a large garden of multi-year plants, a garden of grass and rosary, a large rock, and new modern heaters (1,300 square metres) for tropical, subtropical and desert plants.