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Biotechnology And Genetic Engineering

Russian transhumanist movement

ТилацинTilacin, Tasmanian wolf (tigger) extinct in 1936 cloned in Australia

Genetic engineering is a biotech area that includes genetic restructuring. Already today, genetic engineering allows for the inclusion and disconnection of individual genes, thus controlling organisms, and the transfer of genetic instructions from one organism to another, including organisms of another type. As genetics become increasingly aware of the work of genes and proteins, it is becoming more and more feasible to arbitrarily programme genotypes (primarily human), with the slightest success of any kind, such as resistance to radiation, ability to live under water, ability to regenerate damaged organs and even immortality.

Genetic information

Genetic information (genome) is contained in a cell in chromosomes (with 46 of them) consisting of DNA molecules and packing proteins, as well as in mitochondria. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a sequence of nucleotides, each containing one of the four nitrogen bases - Guanin (G), adenin (A) (Purina), timin (T) and cytozen (C). From a functional point of view, DNA consists of a variety of blocks (nacleotide sequences) that store a certain amount of information - genes.

Gen is the DNA molecule section which contains information on the primary structure of any single protein (one gene - one white). As tens of thousands of proteins are present in organisms, there are tens of thousands of genes (in humans about 20 to 25,000). The totality of all the genes of the organism is his genotype. All organism cells contain the same set of genes, but each contains different parts of the stored information. Only those genes are active for the operation of the cell, so, for example, neurons and structural and biological characteristics differ from liver cells.

The role of protein in the system

Squirrels are the most important molecules in every living organism, the chemical basis of living matter. By Engles' definition, "Life is a way to have white bodies." Squirrels exchange substances (transport of substances in organisms) and energy transformations, provide a structural basis for tissues, act as catalysts for chemical reactions, protect organisms from pathogens, transport messages regulating organisms. The chemical proteins are a chain of amino acid, which is cut in the space in a special way.

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